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The purpose of the Essential Public Facilities Siting Process is to ensure that public services are available and accessible to Mercer Island and that the facilities are sited and constructed to provide those services in a timely manner. Site selection is an important component in facilities development and should occur within a process that includes adequate public review and comment and promotes trust between City and the community.

2.1Essential public facilities should be sited consistent with the King County Countywide Planning Policies.

2.2Siting proposed new or expansions to existing essential public facilities shall consist of the following:

(a) An inventory of similar existing essential public facilities, including their locations and capacities;

(b) A forecast and demonstration of the future need for the essential public facility;

(c) An analysis of the potential social and economic impacts and benefits to jurisdictions receiving or surrounding the facilities;

(d) An analysis of the proposal’s consistency with County and City policies;

(e) An analysis of alternatives to the facility, including decentralization, conservation, demand management and other strategies;

(f) An analysis of alternative sites based on siting criteria developed through an inter-jurisdictional process;

(g) An analysis of environmental impacts and mitigation; and

(h) Extensive public involvement consistent with the Public Participation Principles outlined in the Introductory section of the Comprehensive Plan.

2.3Local public facility siting decisions shall be consistent with the Public Participation Principles outlined in the Introductory section of the Comprehensive Plan.

2.4Local public facility siting decisions shall be based on clear criteria that address (at least) issues of service delivery and neighborhood impacts.

2.5City departments shall describe efforts to comply with the Essential Public Facilities Siting process when outlining future capital needs in the Capital Improvements Program budget.

2.6City departments shall develop a community notification and involvement plan for any proposed capital improvement project that involves new development or major reconstruction of an existing facility and which has been approved and funded in the biennial Capital Improvement Program budget.